Giving Stock To Your Kids An Easy, Tax-Efficient Way
An easy, tax-smart way to transfer assets to your heirs is to give stock to them directly rather than selling the shares and giving them the cash. Because you no longer hold the stock, it's removed from your taxable estate and generally won't count as an asset for you for other financial purposes.
For 2017, you can use the annual gift tax exclusion to give away assets valued at up to $14,000 ($28,000 for joint gifts by a married couple) to a recipient without paying gift tax. (And you can make such gifts to as many people as you choose.) Give more than that to anyone in a particular year and you may be able to shelter the excess by using the unified estate and gift tax exclusion ($5.49 million for 2017).
For your child, income tax rules differ slightly depending on whether the stock would have produced a tax loss or a taxable gain if you had sold it.
- If the stock would have produced a tax loss - and if the child then sells it at a taxable gain - the child's "basis" for figuring the size of that gain is the same as your basis (essentially what you paid for the stock). If it's later sold at a loss, the child's basis is the stock's fair market value (FMV) when it's transferred.
- If the stock would have produced a taxable gain (that is, the FMV is higher than your basis), your child uses your basis to calculate any future gain or loss.
On the other hand, depending on your situation, sometimes it may be better to sell the stock, claim a tax loss, and then give the proceeds to your child.
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